Kant thought that the only way we can discover moral laws is through the faculty of reason

He further suggested that other distant "nebulae" might be other galaxies.

immanuel kant deontology

Phenomena of the external sense are examined and set forth in physics; those of the internal sense in empirical psychology. Second, the reason may be the connection of cause and effect so as to provide the means to pursue a passion.

immanuel kant ethics

We must assume the ideas of God, freedom, and immortality, Kant says, not as objects of knowledge, but as practical necessities for the employment of reason in the realm where we can have knowledge.

The fundamental task of the virtuous person is to achieve the proper ordering of her incentives, giving the moral law undisputed priority over self-love. And that mind must be the same as the mind that employs the table of categories, that contributes empirical concepts to judgment, and that synthesizes the whole into knowledge of a unified, empirical world.

The two philosophers do not necessarily disagree here on the empirical question of what actually motivates people.

This development is not yet complete. If they were, how come no one discovered this exact moral law before when Kant wrote the Groundwork? Kant opposed these developments and publicly denounced Fichte in an open letter in

moral law kant
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Kant, Immanuel: Metaphysics