Miguel hidalgo

He was then found guilty of treason by a military court and executed.

Miguel hidalgo children

The Grito also emphasized loyalty to the Catholic religion, a sentiment with which both Creoles and Peninsulares could sympathize. A drought in — caused a famine in the Dolores area, and, rather than releasing stored grain to market, Spanish merchants chose instead to block its release, speculating on yet higher prices. Both of Hidalgo's parents were descended from well-respected families within the criollo community. Achievements Humanitarian Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla had the unique distinction of being a father in three senses of the word: a priestly father in the Roman Catholic Church , a biological father who produced illegitimate children in defiance of his clerical vows, and the father of his country. Hidalgo's impulse toward freedom for his people was also fed by a strong egalitarian instinct. The people who followed Hidalgo also had no military training, experience or equipment. For the next quarter of a century, he performed his duties as a spiritual shepherd, but also read texts on political theory. Hidalgo found the sedentary Indians and castes of the Valley of Mexico as much opposed to the insurgents as were the creoles and Spaniards. Legacy Despite his failings as a priest and a general, Miguel Hidalgo was still a great man.

Every available royalist soldier was sent out to meet Hidalgo's army, and on October 30 the two armies met at Monte de Las Cruces. Literary clubs began to emerge, expressing a whole range of radical views, united by a general discontent against the new political realities in the Spanish Empire.

Miguel hidalgo mexico

Almost immediately the violence turned on issues of race, and his high-minded revolution turned bloody and excessive. They reunited, although things were tense between the two men. Hidalgo found the sedentary Indians and castes of the Valley of Mexico as much opposed to the insurgents as were the creoles and Spaniards. Long live America and death to bad government! Poor peasants and Indians only had the power to burn, pillage, and destroy: They could not create a new identity for Mexico, one that would allow Mexicans to psychologically break from Spain and craft a national conscience for themselves. When and where was Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla born? San Miguel, Celaya and Guanajuato were all sacked, with peaceful citizens the victims of mob violence.

His followers melted away. These literary circles, which soon became political circles, were the true incubators of the independence movement in Mexico.

Miguel hidalgo mexico city

There are many theories about how he was executed, the most famous that he was killed by firing squad in the morning of 30 July and then decapitated. With his followers he captured the city of Guanajuato and other major cities west of Mexico City. The mass's violence as well as Hidalgo's inability or unwillingness to suppress it caused the creoles and peninsulares to ally against the insurgents out of fear. When a mob ran through the town, Allende tried to calm its members down by striking at them with the flat of his sword. He did not engage in violence for the sake of violence but for the sole purpose of throwing off tyranny. In his personal life, he did not advocate or live the way expected of 18th-century Mexican priests. The mob of thousands was not to be denied, however, and after a five-hour siege the granary was overrun and all inside massacred. Most did: Hidalgo had an army of some men within minutes. This became known as the " Cry of Dolores. Francisco Iglesias, and devoted himself almost exclusively to commerce, intellectual pursuits and humanitarian activity. His timely martyrdom allowed others to pick up the fallen banner of freedom and independence. Betrayal and Capture Hidalgo and Allende were forced to head north to the United States in the hope of finding weapons and mercenaries there.

In the north, they were betrayed by local insurrection leader Ignacio Elizondo and captured. The people who followed Hidalgo also had no military training, experience or equipment.

where was miguel hidalgo born

They began to execute prisoners as well.

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Miguel Hidalgo and the Mexican War of Independence