The function of a social contract

One of the very purposes of social contract theory, then, is to keep hidden from view the true political reality — some persons will be accorded the rights and freedoms of full persons, and the rest will be treated as sub-persons. The Social Contract begins with the most oft-quoted line from Rousseau: "Man was born free, and he is everywhere in chains" Fables, like models, communicate important general rules through particular, though fictional, cases.

conclusion of social contract theory

This goal of determinacy, however, can have the effect of eliminating the pluralism of the parties that was the original impetus for contracting in the first place. The Nature of the Liberal Individual Following Pateman's argument, a number of feminists have also called into question the very nature of the person at the heart of contract theory.

In order to overcome the issues involved in the state of nature, people entered into agreements to protect themselves and their properties.

Social contract theory pdf

At the simplest level, models take something complex and make it simpler. Social contract theories are a model of justification that have several general parameters that are set differently in different theories. So, such behaviors as walking, talking, and the like are themselves produced by other actions inside of us. Social contract theory is undoubtedly with us for the foreseeable future. They made it possible for his mother and father to marry, and therefore to have legitimate children, including himself. Government has existed since the beginning of human civilization, and probably before, originating in the organization of hunting bands among primitive man. This means that if a person is enjoying the benefits a state is providing they have automatically consented. Process approaches use some mechanism to generate agreement. Jean-Jacques Rousseau Jean-Jacques Rousseau , , lived and wrote during what was arguably the headiest period in the intellectual history of modern France--the Enlightenment. So, the State of Nature is a state of liberty where persons are free to pursue their own interests and plans, free from interference, and, because of the Law of Nature and the restrictions that it imposes upon persons, it is relatively peaceful. Rather, it is one means, perhaps the most fundamental means, by which patriarchy is upheld. To do this, they need representations of the baseline and of state of the world under candidate set of rules. Feminist Arguments For the most part, feminism resists any simple or universal definition. Most importantly however, according to Rousseau, was the invention of private property, which constituted the pivotal moment in humanity's evolution out of a simple, pure state into one characterized by greed, competition, vanity, inequality, and vice.

Some have property and others are forced to work for them, and the development of social classes begins. Hobbes has, first and foremost, a particular theory of human nature, which gives rise to a particular view of morality and politics, as developed in his philosophical masterpiece, Leviathan, published in Doing so would undermine its generality, and therefore damage its legitimacy.

Social contract theory

Braybrooke, David. Locke's most important and influential political writings are contained in his Two Treatises on Government. The normative social contract, argued for by Rousseau in The Social Contract , is meant to respond to this sorry state of affairs and to remedy the social and moral ills that have been produced by the development of society. Therefore all who consider justice from the point of view of the original position would agree upon the same principles of justice generated out of such a thought experiment. It also tries to project the general will of society back onto it thus giving the people what they want. The State of Nature is pre-political, but it is not pre-moral. In particular, it fails to adequately represent children and those who provide them with the care they require, who have historically been women. This writing assignment's intentions are not on the study of philosophy, but rather on the philosophical figures that have helped mold what the world is today. To take into account the others' strategies is to act in accordance with how you expect the others will act. He regarded it as a contract made by each individual citizen with the state or law. He calls for society to uphold justice, mutual respect and to abstain from injuring other members of society. Political Liberalism.
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The Social Contract